Tag: morality

An Intro to Political Ethics – Fresh AiR – S02:E05:C01

What is Political Ethics? We ask the question tonight, ‘What is Political Ethics’ and discuss topics such as: Why is Morality important (to all parties) Legitimacy (covered in a later chapter) Perception of Voters Do all parties act in accordance with their moral compass at all times? We also cover off our what chapters to expect in the future, which includes: Obligation Legitimacy Justice Freedom Legislation Ideologies…


On Morality: Subjective vs Objective – A Discussion – Fresh AiR – S02:E04

Subjective? Objective? Something Else? It is common to hear many reduce morality to it either being subjective or objective, but how accurate is that? Are people defining these terms properly? Are there correct definitions for the context? If one part of morality is subjective, does that make it all subjective? Well, tonight these two atheists, discuss the difference, one taking the stance from a philosophical point of view (Dave) the other (Kriss) taking a contemporary atheist approach. Related Articles and…


Moral Subjectivism and Relativism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C11

Tonight we embark on our last chapter of specific moral theories and our penultimate chapter of episode 2. Moral Subjectivism and Relativism We discuss a number of topics around subjective and relative morality. What these terms actually mean. What it would mean if morality was wholly subjective or wholly relative. Common misconceptions folks have about relativism and subjectivism. Further Reading and Related Articles SEP: Moral Relativism Objective / Subjective Morals and Morality On Morality: Defining our Terms On Morality: Subjective…


Virtue Ethics – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C10

What is Virtue Ethics? Tonight we discuss virtue ethics, covering topics like: What is a virtue? Which virtue is the most important? How do we apply virtues? If you apply one virtue too much, e.g. bravery, are you still brave, or do you become stupid? And of course we segue into a number of topics inclusive of: Drugs Porn Cosplay Power Further Reading Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Virtue EthicsStanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Aristotle’s EthicsStanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Moral CharacterInternet Encyclopedia…


Divine Command Theory – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C09

What is Divine Command Theory? This is generally applied to the Abrahamic god speaking of Judeo-Christian morality but could technically be applied to any set of rules or morals that come from a Divine being. One of the key problems with DCT is that for it to be valid we need to prove that deity actually existed and set those rules. With the fact many rules might contradict each other, seem against the deities claimed character, are so open to…


Rule Utilitarianism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C08

What is Rule Utilitarianism? Rule Utilitarianism is just like Act Utilitarianism but with a twist. It is deontological. That means that following the rules are what is important regardless of the consequences. So why is a typically consequentialist brand, utilitarianism, under the banner of deontology? How does that work? What are the differences? Find Out, Listen NOW! Further Reading Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Rule ConsequentialismWikipedia: Rule UtilitarianismInternet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Utilitarianism, Act and Rule Martin, R. (2008) ‘Two Concepts of…


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Kantianism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C07

What is Kantianism? Kantianism or Kantian Ethics is the moral theory coined by Immanuel Kant. It is our first deontological moral theory, but it is not absolutely deontological as it builds its rules based on absolute consequences. e.g. if everyone stole from everyone, if everyone lied all the time, if everyone killed, if everyone raped etc. So how does this stand up to scrutiny? How would a Kantian answer some of the moral dilemmas? Find Out tonight! Further Reading Stanford…


Welfarism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C06

What is Welfarism? Welfarism is our next consequentialist moral theory, following on from last week’s Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism. Welfarism is our last consequentialist moral theory in the series, but how does it differ from the others? What are its strengths and weaknesses? What else do we need to know about it? Find out tonight on Fresh AiR! Further Reading Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: ‘Consequentialism’ Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: ‘Welfarism’, Well-BeingBlackburn, S. (2003) Ethics: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford, Oxford University…


Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C05

Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism Our next moral theory is Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism, which is also a consequentialist moral theory. It is similar to Act utilitarianism but holds a few differences as well, and is a much newer theory. What is Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism? How does it differ to Act Utilitarianism? What are the problems it has? What things should be valued even if they are not by an individual? What is the problem with words like should? What do we mean…