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Tag: Philosophy

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Rule Utilitarianism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C08

What is Rule Utilitarianism? Rule Utilitarianism is just like Act Utilitarianism but with a twist. It is deontological. That means that following the rules are what is important regardless of the consequences. So why is a typically consequentialist brand, utilitarianism, under the banner of deontology? How does that work? What are the differences? Find Out,…


Welfarism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C06

What is Welfarism? Welfarism is our next consequentialist moral theory, following on from last week’s Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism. Welfarism is our last consequentialist moral theory in the series, but how does it differ from the others? What are its strengths and weaknesses? What else do we need to know about it? Find out tonight on…


Descartes, Scepticism, and You

Introduction There will, of course, be many contemporary sceptics and atheist who read the title and simply groan.  Dismissing the article before reading it because of some misinformed idea about Cartesian scepticism, or some excuse that they do not need to read up on scepticism because they are ‘freethinking truth-seeking sceptics’ already.  To some extent,…


Bad Atheist Arguments – Vol:4 – Contradictory Claims and Statements

Continuing our miniseries of Bad Atheist Arguments on our quest for self-improvement I bring you a number of contradictory claims and statements I have seen many of my fellow atheists making, and indeed have possibly made myself in the past. Contents Words are Defined by Usage and ContextFaith, Atheism, Belief ONLY mean…Morality Is SubjectiveExcept I…


Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C05

Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism Our next moral theory is Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism, which is also a consequentialist moral theory. It is similar to Act utilitarianism but holds a few differences as well, and is a much newer theory. What is Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism?How does it differ to Act Utilitarianism?What are the problems it has?What things should…


Definitional Problems with Lacking Belief

It is commonplace to hear these terms Agnostic/Gnostic as a modifier to atheism these days rather than Agnostic being that withholding judgment position. Please note, atheism and agnosticism are polysemous, and language is defined through common use. What I hope to do is draw your attention to the difference between the colloquial definitions and the normative ones….


Act Utilitarianism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C04

Act Utilitarianism Act Utilitarianism is our next adventure in moral theories. In some respects it is like a form of hedonism (which we discussed last week) but holds some differences too. Further ReadingStanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: ‘The History of Utilitarianism’Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: ‘Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy’Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: ‘Act and Rule Utilitarianism’Mill,…


Hedonism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C03

Hedonism? That’s Just About Feeling Good Right? Tonight we kick off our look into individual moral theories. We start down a path of consequentialist moral theories with hedonism. But what is hedonism? Is hedonism simply about feeling good? How could that have anything to do with morality? Are there different forms of Hedonism? Listen in…


Bad Atheist Arguments – Vol: 03 – Philosophy and Fallacies

The 3rd in the Bad Atheist Arguments series is now here. Having covered the ‘Bible and Evidence‘ in volume 1, and ‘Beliefs and Propositional Logic‘ in volume 2, I felt it time to address philosophy, fallacies, and general errors in our reasoning. Whilst there are a number of common theistic fallacies, we atheists forget sometimes…