Tag: utilitarianism

Rule Utilitarianism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C08

What is Rule Utilitarianism? Rule Utilitarianism is just like Act Utilitarianism but with a twist. It is deontological. That means that following the rules are what is important regardless of the consequences. So why is a typically consequentialist brand, utilitarianism, under the banner of deontology? How does that work? What are the differences? Find Out, Listen NOW! Further Reading Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Rule ConsequentialismWikipedia: Rule UtilitarianismInternet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Utilitarianism, Act and Rule Martin, R. (2008) ‘Two Concepts of…


Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C05

Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism Our next moral theory is Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism, which is also a consequentialist moral theory. It is similar to Act utilitarianism but holds a few differences as well, and is a much newer theory. What is Preference Satisfaction Utilitarianism? How does it differ to Act Utilitarianism? What are the problems it has? What things should be valued even if they are not by an individual? What is the problem with words like should? What do we mean…


Act Utilitarianism – Fresh AiR – S02:E02:C04

Act Utilitarianism Act Utilitarianism is our next adventure in moral theories. In some respects it is like a form of hedonism (which we discussed last week) but holds some differences too. Further ReadingStanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: ‘The History of Utilitarianism’Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: ‘Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy’Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: ‘Act and Rule Utilitarianism’Mill, J.S. ([1863]2002) Utilitarianism, London, Hackett Publishing Co Inc….


Life and Death

Life, purpose and dealing with death If you are reading this, you might be alive. You might be a computer program, simulating my life to me. We never know. To me, cogito ergo sum, to you, not so much. I think, therefore I am. But I don’t know that you think, so you might not be. This applies to our entire environment. And should it be true that our entire environment, the way we perceive others and the universe, be…